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Volcanoes and Earthquakes

Multiple Choice
Identify the choice that best completes the statement or answers the question.
 

 1. 

Which accurately describes the relationship between earthquakes and volcanoes?
a.
Earthquakes and volcanoes are not related in any way.
b.
Earthquakes and volcanoes often are located where tectonic plates meet.
c.
Earthquakes usually cause volcanoes to erupt.
d.
Volcanic eruptions usually cause severe earthquakes.
 

 2. 

The gooey, plastic like part of the Earth that the lithosphere slides on is
a.
the mantle
c.
a convection current
b.
a convergent boundary
d.
the asthenosphere
 

 3. 

An earthquake is caused by sudden shifts in which of the following layers of Earth?
a.
outer core
c.
crust
b.
inner core
d.
mesosphere
 

 4. 

The crustal plates of Earth move due to being dragged along with
a.
the high tides of the oceans.
c.
prevailing winds in the jet stream.
b.
the rotation of Earth on its axis.
d.
convection currents in the mantle.
 

 5. 

Most earthquakes and volcanoes occur in areas of the Pacific Ocean called "The Ring of Fire." What is the main reason for this?
a.
The weight of the ocean water forces magma to the surface.
b.
Large numbers of people live in this area.
c.
Lithosphere plate boundaries are found in that area.
d.
That area of the Earth is hotter than any other area.
 

 6. 

When two ocean plates crash together and one plate goes down into the mantle is a
a.
a transform boundary
c.
a subduction zone
b.
a divergent boundary
d.
strike-slip fault
 

 7. 

What landform is created when two continental plates collide?
a.
volcano
c.
canyon
b.
ocean basin
d.
mountain range
 

 8. 

Most earthquakes are caused by
a.
underground water erosion.
c.
the tilting of Earth's axis.
b.
pressures on the rocks within the Earth.
d.
the Moon's gravitational pull.
 

 9. 

Areas on Earth's surface that lie above the borders of tectonic plates are characterized by
a.
frequent earthquake activity.
c.
a lack of plant and animal life.
b.
stable temperate climate conditions.
d.
lengthy formations of sea arches.
 

 10. 

A plate boundary where the two plates are moving away from each other, such as at a mid-ocean ridge, is a
a.
strike-slip fault
c.
convergent boundary
b.
divergent boundary
d.
transform boundary
 

 11. 

Many places on Earth are shaken by earthquakes. The Pacific Coast of the United States is one such area. What causes these earthquakes?
a.
plate movement
c.
erosion
b.
gravity
d.
solar heating
 

 12. 

The San Andreas Fault is a
a.
subduction zone
c.
convergent boundary
b.
transform boundary
d.
divergent boundary
 



 
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