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Moon and Shadows

Multiple Choice
Identify the choice that best completes the statement or answers the question.
 

 1. 

The study of space and all the objects in it is
a.
geology
c.
the universe
b.
astronomy
 

 2. 

Which statement best explains why there is no atmosphere on the Moon?
a.
The temperature of the Moon varies too much to develop an atmosphere.
b.
The Moon does not have enough gravity to hold an atmosphere.
c.
The Moon revolves too quickly to keep an atmosphere.
d.
The density of the Moon is too great to allow an atmosphere.
 

 3. 

The Moon appears to change shape because
a.
the Moon rotates.
c.
Earth revolves around the Sun.
b.
Earth rotates.
d.
the Moon revolves around Earth.
 

 4. 

It is about 29 days from one full moon to the next. This is because 29 days is about the time it takes for one
a.
revolution of the Moon around Earth.
c.
rotation of the Sun.
b.
revolution of Earth around the Sun.
d.
rotation of Earth.
 

 5. 

When the Moon goes through Earth's shadow, we see a
a.
solar eclipse.
c.
total eclipse.
b.
lunar eclipse.
d.
planetary eclipse.
 

 6. 

Which diagram shows the Earth-Moon-Sun system arranged to cause a total solar eclipse?
a.
mc006-1.jpg
c.
mc006-3.jpg
b.
mc006-2.jpg
d.
mc006-4.jpg
 

 7. 

The dark, lava-covered lowlands of the Moon are called
a.
mountains.
c.
valleys.
b.
volcanoes.
d.
maria.
 

 8. 

An object in the solar system has many wide, flat craters. What must be true about the object?
a.
It is an asteroid.
b.
It was originally formed with craters.
c.
It has been hit by other objects from space.
d.
It is a planet.
 

 9. 

 Use the diagram below to answer this question.
mc009-1.jpg


When Earth, the Moon, and the Sun are in line as shown above, which could occur?
a.
An eclipse of the Sun could occur.
b.
An eclipse of the Moon could occur.
c.
The Moon could be pulled closer to the Sun.
d.
The speed of Earth's rotation could be increased.
 

 10. 

 Use the diagram below to answer this question.
mc010-1.jpg


When the Sun, the Moon, and Earth are in the same line as shown, which of the following could occur?
a.
an eclipse of the Sun
b.
an eclipse of the Moon
c.
The Moon could be pulled closer to Earth.
d.
The spin of Earth could be increased.
 

 11. 

Which type of eclipse occurs whenever the Moon passes through Earth's shadow?
a.
lunar
c.
total
b.
solar
d.
partial
 

 12. 

A solar eclipse occurs when
a.
Earth blocks the Moon from the Sun.
c.
the Moon blocks Earth from the Sun.
b.
the first four planets are in a line.
d.
the last four planets are in a line.
 

 13. 

The time it takes the Moon to go from a new moon to a full moon and back to a new moon is about
a.
1 day.
c.
28 days.
b.
14 days.
d.
365 days.
 

 14. 

How does the gravity on the Moon compare to the gravity on Earth?
a.
gravity is the same wherever you are
c.
there is more gravity on the Moon
b.
there is less gravity on the Moon
d.
gravity depends on the person
 

 15. 

Which statement best explains why there is no atmosphere on the Moon?
a.
the temperature of the Moon varies too much to develop an atmosphere
c.
the Moon revolves too quickly to keep an atmosphere
b.
the Moon does not have enough gravity to hold an atmosphere
d.
the density of the Moon is too great to allow an atmosphere
 

 16. 

Which object in the sky emits its own light?
a.
an asteroid
c.
a planet
b.
a star
d.
a moon
 

 17. 

Why does the Moon orbit Earth instead of the Sun?
a.
gravity depends on distance and the Moon is closer to the Earth
c.
the Moon used to be part of Earth so it must orbit Earth
b.
only large objects orbit around the Sun and the Moon is too small
d.
the Moon is too fast and cannot change its orbit
 

 18. 

Choose the waxing crescent.
a.
mc018-1.jpg
c.
mc018-3.jpg
b.
mc018-2.jpg
d.
mc018-4.jpg
 

 19. 

Choose the waning gibbous phase.
a.
mc019-1.jpg
c.
mc019-3.jpg
b.
mc019-2.jpg
d.
mc019-4.jpg
 

 20. 

Choose the 1st quarter Moon.
a.
mc020-1.jpg
c.
mc020-3.jpg
b.
mc020-2.jpg
d.
mc020-4.jpg
 

 21. 

Which phase of the Moon comes after a full Moon?
a.
mc021-1.jpg
c.
mc021-3.jpg
b.
mc021-2.jpg
d.
mc021-4.jpg
 

 22. 

mc022-1.jpg

Why does the surface of the Moon look like this?
a.
no atmosphere
c.
it orbits the Earth instead of the Sun
b.
it is over 4 billion years old
d.
the Moon has no volcanoes
 

 23. 

Which phase of the Moon comes just before a New Moon?
a.
mc023-1.jpg
c.
mc023-3.jpg
b.
mc023-2.jpg
d.
mc023-4.jpg
 



 
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