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The Earth's Tilt and Seasons

Multiple Choice
Identify the choice that best completes the statement or answers the question.
 

 1. 

Twice a year, the Sun is directly above the equator. This causes
a.
the Summer Solstice
c.
the Spring and Fall Equinoxes
b.
the Winter Solstice
 

 2. 

A year is caused by
a.
rotation
b.
revolution
 

 3. 

What part of the Earth has little to no change in temperature from season to season?
a.
the part near the equator
c.
the Northern Hemisphere
b.
the part near Earth’s poles
d.
the Southern Hemisphere
 

 4. 

The longest day of the year is the
a.
Spring Equinox
c.
Winter Solstice
b.
Fall Equinox
d.
Summer Solstice
 

 5. 

As the Earth spins on its axis, it
a.
goes through the seasons
c.
travels around the Sun
b.
goes from day to night
d.
it is revolving
 

 6. 

The Earth’s orbit is an ellipse.  Sometimes Earth gets closer to the Sun and other times, farther away.  When is Earth closest to the Sun?
a.
during our Summer
c.
about July 4th
b.
about January 3rd
d.
an ellipse is a round circle
 

 7. 

During an equinox, which hemisphere is tilted towards the Sun?
a.
Northern
c.
neither
b.
Southern
 

 8. 

We have summer during July because
a.
the Earth is closer to the Sun
c.
the sun gets hotter during July
b.
the northern hemisphere is closer to the sun
d.
our hemisphere is getting more direct solar radiation and for more hours
 

 9. 

The hemisphere receiving less solar radiation is getting solar radiation at less of an angle, having shorter days, and is
a.
having winter
b.
having summer
 

 10. 

Why do we have higher temperatures during our summer?
a.
the days are longer
c.
the Sun shines hotter
b.
Earth is closer to the Sun
d.
we are getting more direct radiation from the Sun
 

 11. 

Solstices and equinoxes are caused by
a.
Earth’s rotation
c.
Earth’s Moon
b.
Earth’s revolution
d.
Earth’s tilt
 

 12. 

During our summer, we get the most daylight hours and during the winter, we get the least hours of daylight.  When do we get equal hours of daylight and nighttime?
a.
during the Winter Solstice
c.
during the Summer Solstice
b.
during the Spring and Fall equinoxes
d.
during the Summer Equinox
 

 13. 

Why does it get dark at night?
a.
the Moon comes between the Earth and Sun
c.
our side of the Earth rotates away from the Sun
b.
the Sun goes behind the Earth
 

 14. 

Why is it warmer in Georgia in the summer than in the winter?
a.
because Georgia is closer to the sun in summer than in winter
c.
because Earth’s tilt causes the Earth to revolve more slowly in the summer
b.
because the ocean is warmer in the summer than in the winter
d.
because Earth’s tilt makes Georgia receive more direct sunlight in the summer
 

 15. 

On the summer solstice, the Earth
a.
is tilted away from the Sun
c.
is not tilted toward or away
b.
is tilted toward the Sun
 

 16. 

During the Summer Solstice in Australia, which hemisphere is tilted towards the Sun?
a.
Northern
b.
Southern
 

 17. 

What contains over 99% of the mass found in the Solar System?
a.
the planets
c.
Earth and the Moon
b.
Jupiter
d.
the Sun
 

 18. 

Earth’s tilt causes the Sun’s radiation to strike Earth at different angles.  During the summertime here in Georgia, the Sun’s radiation
a.
strikes the Northern Hemisphere more directly
c.
strikes the Southern Hemisphere more directly
b.
strikes the Nothern Hemisphere less directly
d.
strikes both hemispheres equally
 

 19. 

Rotation causes
a.
a year to pass
c.
day and night
b.
the seasons
d.
eclipses
 

 20. 

The seasons in the Northern and Southern Hemispheres are
a.
the same
c.
are not related
b.
opposites
 

 21. 

The Earth’s magnetic field
a.
does not affect humans
c.
helps protect us from harmful radiation
b.
only affects compasses
d.
does not extend into space
 

 22. 

Earth’s axis is tilted
a.
90 degrees
c.
23.5 degrees
b.
45 degrees
d.
15 degrees
 

 23. 

The seasons are caused
a.
by the change in Earth’s orbit
c.
the tilt of the Earth
b.
by the Earth’s rotation
d.
by the Earth’s axis
 

 24. 

The reason that parts of the Earth are warmer during the summer is because
a.
the Earth is closer to the Sun
c.
that part of the Earth is getting more direct radiation
b.
the days are longer
d.
that part of the Earth is tilted away from the Sun
 

 25. 

A complete orbit around the Sun is called
a.
a rotation
c.
one day and one night
b.
a revolution
 



 
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