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1213 Astronomy Benchmark 1

Multiple Choice
Identify the choice that best completes the statement or answers the question.
 

 1. 

Our Solar System is in the Milky Way galaxy.  What type of galaxy is it?
a.
an irregular galaxy
c.
an elliptical galaxy
b.
a spiral galaxy
d.
a classic galaxy
 

 2. 

The model of the solar system that says the Earth is in the center.
a.
geocentric
c.
Galilean
b.
heliocentric
d.
Big Bang
 

 3. 

A red shift in the spectrum of the light from an object indicates the object is moving ____ you.
a.
away from
c.
at a right angle from
b.
toward
d.
none of the above
 

 4. 

What is the name of the galaxy where is Earth is located?
a.
Andromeda
c.
The Sol Galaxy
b.
The Solar System
d.
Milky Way Galaxy
 

 5. 

Rotation causes
a.
a year to pass
c.
day and night
b.
the seasons
d.
eclipses
 

 6. 

The distances to nearby stars can be measured by using ____.
a.
millions of miles
c.
lightyears
b.
temperature
d.
a tape measure
 

 7. 

The model that says the Sun is the center of the Solar System is...
a.
the geocentric model
c.
based upon Ptolemy’s idea
b.
the heliocentric model
d.
what Aristotle believed
 

 8. 

The Moon appears to change shape because
a.
the Moon rotates.
c.
Earth revolves around the Sun.
b.
Earth rotates.
d.
the Moon revolves around Earth.
 

 9. 

This object is so dense that nothing, including light, can escape its gravity field.
a.
supernova
c.
black hole
b.
white dwarf
d.
supergiant
 

 10. 

The ____ states that around 14 billion years ago, the universe began expanding out of an enormous explosion.
a.
H-R diagram
c.
Big Bang theory
b.
binary star theory
d.
"big crunch" theory
 

 11. 

What is the largest object in the Solar System?
a.
the planets
c.
Earth and the Moon
b.
Jupiter
d.
the Sun
 

 12. 

Mercury, Venus, Earth, and Mars are the four planets closest to the Sun.  How are all four planets similar?
a.
all are very large
c.
all have liquid water
b.
all have rocky surfaces
d.
all four have moons
 

 13. 

Two of the inner planets are ____.
a.
Venus and Saturn
c.
Earth and Pluto
b.
Mars and Venus
d.
Mercury and Jupiter
 

 14. 

____ is the largest planet in the solar system, it is the fifth planet from the Sun.
a.
Jupiter
c.
Uranus
b.
Saturn
d.
Neptune
 

 15. 

Huge clouds of poisonous gases trap the Sun’s heat causing this to be the hottest planet in our solar system.
a.
Mercury
c.
Mars
b.
Venus
d.
Neptune
 

 16. 

Mercury is the ____ planet from the Sun.
a.
fourth
c.
second
b.
third
d.
first
 

 17. 

The order of the inner planets outward from the Sun is ____.
a.
Mercury, Earth, Venus, and Mars
c.
Mars, Venus, Earth, and Mercury
b.
Mercury, Venus, Earth, and Mars
d.
Earth, Venus, Mars, and Mercury
 

 18. 

The orbits of ____ lie closer to the Sun than does Earth's orbit.
a.
Mercury and Mars
c.
Mars and Venus
b.
Mercury and Venus
d.
Jupiter and Mercury
 

 19. 

A group of stars, gas, and dust held together by gravity is a ____.
a.
galaxy
c.
Local Group
b.
constellation
d.
both a and b
 

 20. 

The spiral shape of the Milky Way Galaxy CANNOT be seen from Earth because ____.
a.
we are located within one of its spiral arms
b.
we are located above the galaxy
c.
our view is blocked by the Sun
d.
none of the above
 

 21. 

Space and all the matter and energy in it is
a.
the solar system
c.
the Milky Way Galaxy
b.
the Universe
d.
an elliptical galaxy
 

 22. 

Earth ==> _________ ==>Milky Way Galaxy ==> Universe
What is missing in this sequence of our location in space?
a.
Solar System
c.
Nebulae
b.
Earth
d.
Sun
 

 23. 

Where is the asteroid belt located?
a.
between Mercury and the Sun
c.
between Mars and Jupiter
b.
between Earth and Mars
d.
outside of the solar system
 

 24. 

At one time, scientists believed that the Sun revolved aound Earth.  This model was replaced by the heliocentric model.  What explains why people started to believe the new idea?
a.
astronomy is an inexact science
c.
we change our models about science as we learn new things and develop new technology
b.
Scientific knowledge never changes
d.
we don’t really use models in science
 

 25. 

This Polish scientist discovered that the Sun was in the center of the solar system.  He wrote a book but was afraid to publish it.
a.
Aritsotle
c.
Copernicus
b.
Ptolemy
d.
Sir Isaac Newton
 

 26. 

Bud was making a poster about the Milky Way Galaxy.  Which objects should he include on his poster to BEST show what makes up the Milky Way?
a.
asteroids
c.
planets
b.
comets
d.
stars
 

 27. 

What is in the center of the heliocentric solar system?
a.
the Earth
c.
the Milky Way
b.
the Sun
d.
Jabba the Hut!
 

 28. 

If you could stand on the surface of Jupiter, you would weigh much more than you do on Earth.  Why is this true?
a.
Jupiter has more moons
c.
You were born on Earth so you don’t weigh as much here
b.
Earth is closer to the Sun
d.
Jupiter is much larger than Earth and so it has stronger gravity
 

 29. 

mc029-1.jpg
This picture shows us that our solar system is located
a.
outside of the Milky Way
c.
located in one of the spiral arms
b.
located in the center of the Milky Way
d.
not located in the Milky Way
 

 30. 

How do the Sun and the Earth move?
a.
The Earth revolves (orbits) around the Sun
c.
the Sun revolves (orbits) around the Earth
b.
the Earth rotates around the Sun
d.
The Sun rotates around the Earth
 



 
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