Weather Gofar Review

1. Which is a correct statement about air masses that form over land?

A.    They are drier than those that form elsewhere.

B.   They are colder than those that form elsewhere.

C.  They are moister than those that form elsewhere.

D.  They are warmer than those that form elsewhere.

 

 

2. 

 

Using the diagram, why do hurricanes, cyclones, or typhoons form in these parts of the world?

 

 

A.  They require sea temperatures at least 26C (80F).

B.   They require sea temperatures below 26C (80F).

C.  The ocean water is deeper than in any other parts of the world.

D.  Winds are stronger in these parts of the world.


 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

In this cartoon, what type of heat energy transfer causes the sand to heat up?

 

 

A.  Conduction

B.  Convection

C.    Radiation

D.  Evaporation

 

 

 

4.  The Earth as a system is constantly trying to balance its heat by moving cold air and warm air.  Which of the following is NOT a result of this movement?

 

 

A.  Hurricane

B.  Tornado

C.  Storms

D.  Earthquake

5. Which is a correct statement about air masses that form near the equator?

A.    They are drier than those that form elsewhere.

B.   They are colder than those that form elsewhere.

C.  They are moister than those that form elsewhere.

D.  They are warmer than those that form elsewhere.


 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

What type of heat energy transfer is shown with the arrows in the diagram above?

 

 

A.  Conduction

B.  Convection

C.    Radiation

D.  Evaporation

7. Which is a correct statement about air masses that form over oceans?

A.    They are drier than those that form elsewhere.

B.   They are colder than those that form elsewhere.

C.  They are moister than those that form elsewhere.

D.  They are warmer than those that form elsewhere.

8. Which is a correct statement about air masses that form near the North and South poles?

A.    They are drier than those that form elsewhere.

B.   They are colder than those that form elsewhere.

C.  They are moister than those that form elsewhere.

D.  They are warmer than those that form elsewhere.

9. Which of the following describes the difference between weather and climate?

A.    Climate and weather have the same meaning.

B.  Weather is influenced by the sun and climate is influenced by the moon.

C.  Weather occurs over short periods of time and climate occurs over long periods of time.

D.  Climate occurs over short periods of time and weather occurs over long periods of time.


 

 

10. Cleveland, Ohio is farther south than London, England, but London has warmer average temperatures.

Which statement best explains why London has warmer temperatures than Cleveland?

 

 

A.  The cold air above the Gulf Stream gets blown toward Cleveland.

B.   The warm air above the Labrador Current gets blown toward England.

C.  The Labrador Current cools the air above it and the cool air gets blown toward Cleveland.

D.  The Gulf Stream heats the air above it and the warm air gets blown towards the shores of England.

11. Hurricanes form over water and lose wind speed when they move over land. What does this pattern best illustrate?

A.     More solar radiation strikes oceans than land.

B.   Heat from inside Earth warms oceans more than land.

C.  Oceans transfer more energy to the atmosphere than land does.

D.  Oceans transfer both heat and chemical energy to the atmosphere.

12. What happens to sea breezes at night?

A.    They get stronger.

B.   They create clouds.

C.  They decrease or stop.

D.  They cause precipitation.


 

 

13. Which condition most likely causes a sea breeze to occur in the afternoon?

 

 

A.  a thunderstorm forming over the land

B.  a rise in pressure over the land and water

C.  a cold front moving from the land towards the ocean

D.  a temperature difference between the land and the water

 

14. Which is a factor that most likely would affect the climate in a particular area?

A.    amount of lightning

B.    distance from an ocean

C.    number of earthquakes

D.    shape of the shoreline

15. What is the primary cause of rainstorms?

A.    Earth is heated by the Sun.

B.  Mountains direct moist air upward.

C.  Water forms droplets when cooled.

D.  Most of Earth is covered with water.


 

 

16. Which has the greatest effect on the temperature of an air mass?

A.  the air pressure above the air mass

B.   the wind speed behind the air mass

C.  the land or water the air mass is passing over

D.  the amount of water vapor the air mass contains

17. Lowest average temperatures occur near the           .

A.    equator

B.  poles

C.  tropics

D.  oceans

18. Which type of thermal energy transfer best describes how the surface of the Earth is heated by the Sun?

A.    Radiation

B.    Solar Winds

C.  Conduction

D.    Convection

 

 

19. When the wind blows into Georgia from the southeast, the weather most likely will be

 

 

A.  warm and dry

B.   warm and moist

C.  cool and moist

D.  I don't know. Please teach me.

 

 

 

20. Climate is the weather      

 

 

A.  closer to the equator

B.  at the poles

C.  of a region averaged over a long period of time

D.  changes from day to day


 

21. At the seashore late in the afternoon on a hot, sunny day, a person often feels a strong breeze coming in from the ocean. Which of the following is the reason for the breeze?

 

 

A.  The pounding waves generate air currents.

B.   The warm air over the ocean rushes in to replace the cool air that rises over the land.

C.  The heavy, cool air over the ocean rushes in to replace the warm air that rises over the land. D. I don't know; please teach me.

 

 

22. Imagine that you are visiting the beach during your summer vacation. Which of the following might you be able to observe?

 

 

A.  the beach is cooler than the ocean during the day, and warmer than the ocean at night

B.   the beach is warmer than the ocean during the day, and cooler than the ocean at night

C.  there is no change between the temperature of the beach and the temperature of the ocean from day to night

D.  the beach and the ocean heat and cool at the same temperatures

 

 

 

 

Please use the following graphic for this question.

 

 

 

23. As D moves east, temperatures will

 

 

A.  fall.

B.  rise.

C.  stay the same.

D.  always be at 50oF.


 

 

24. There are more hurricanes than usual in some years. What probably causes this?

A.  the ocean is warmer than usual

B.   the ozone layer is thin

C.  there are more windy days than usual

D.  the Moon's gravity is stronger

25. Large clouds that produce thunderstorms are called        .

A.    stratus clouds

B.  cumulonimbus clouds

C.  cirrus clouds

D.  nimbostratus clouds

26. Which of these actions causes wind?

A.    rotation of Earth on its axis

B.  movement of air from water to land

C.  uneven heating of Earths surface

D.  air passing Earth as it revolves around the Sun

27. Which statement describes atmospheric conditions that are associated with thunderstorms?

A.    Cold air causes evaporation within clouds.

B.  Heavy, moisture-filled clouds collide, producing strong winds.

C.  Rising warm air causes cumulonimbus clouds to build upward.

D.  Winds carrying high moisture levels blow in over land from the ocean.

28. What makes global winds curve rather than move in straight lines?

A.    differences in air pressure

B.  differences in density

C.  differences in temperature

D.  Earth's rotation on its axis


 

 

29. Small intense weather systems that produce rain, wind, lightning and thunder are called a ____.

A.  Hurricane

B.  Tornado

C.  Thunderstorm

D.  Lightning

 

 

 

30. Air in the atmosphere is heated unevenly by the sun, causing

 

 

A.  wind patterns.

B.  cloud formation.

C.  volcanic activity.

D.  water condensation.

31. Wind patterns on the Earth's surface are caused by which two events?

A.    rotation of the earth and geographic features

B.  geographic features and temperature

C.  unequal heating and rotation of the earth

D.  tilt of the earth and unequal heating

32. Which combination of properties describes cold air?

A.    high density and low pressure

B.  low density and low pressure

C.  high density and high pressure

D.  low density and high pressure

 

 

33. How does the shape of the Earth affect its weather?

 

 

A.  its shape causes unequal heating of the Earth's surface

B.  its shape causes wind systems

C.  its shape causes severe weather

D.  its shape does not affect the Earth's weather


 

 

 

34. Where do tropical storms begin?

A.  over water near the Earth's poles

B.  over land near the Earth's poles

C.  over water near the equator

D.  over land near the equator

35. High winds during a hurricaine can cause a lot of damage but most damage is caused by                                                                                                   .

A.    Rain

B.  Tornadoes

C.  Flooding

D.  The eye of the storm.

36. Which must be present before a hurricane can develop?

A.    a high pressure cell

B.  a warm front

C.  warm, moist air

D.  uneven ocean currents

 

 

 

37. The atmosphere of Earth blocks many of the Suns rays. If weather patterns change and more of the Suns rays penetrate the atmosphere of Earth, which is most likely to increase?

 

 

A.  the number of daylight hours

B.   the evaporation of oceans

C.  the length of each season

D.  the pull of gravity

 

 

38. Which of these geographic features most directly influences the climate of Nevada by limiting the amount of water vapor that can reach the state and fall as rain?

 

 

A.  Pacific Ocean

B.  Colorado River

C.  Sierra Nevada Mountains

D.  Columbia River Basin


 

 

 

39. Which of the following is needed to create a tropical storm?

A.  low pressure

B.   winds rotating counterclockwise

C.  heat and moisture from warm ocean water

D.  all of the above

40.                       are large swirling storms of wind and water that cause floods and are powered by warm water.

A.    Hurricanes

B.  Tornadoes

C.  Blizzards

D.  none of the answers are correct