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Weathering and Plates

Multiple Choice
Identify the choice that best completes the statement or answers the question.
 

 1. 

Which process changes a rock into sediment?
a.
erosion
c.
weathering
b.
deposition
d.
oxidation
 

 2. 

How do plants slowly break down a rock?
a.
by abrasion
c.
by ice wedging
b.
mostly by mechanical weathering
d.
by deposition
 

 3. 

What is the process when sediment is blown or washed away from its parent rock?
a.
weathering
c.
deposition
b.
erosion
d.
bedrock
 

 4. 

Which of the following is caused by the freezing and melting of water?
a.
abrasion
c.
ice wedging
b.
oxidation
d.
gravity
 

 5. 

Glaciers can cause
a.
weathering
c.
deposition
b.
erosion
d.
weathering, erosion, and deposition
 

 6. 

Rust is the oxidation of
a.
water.
c.
nitrogen.
b.
tin.
d.
iron.
 

 7. 

When sediment is dropped at the mouth of a river and creates a delta...
a.
weathering
c.
deposition
b.
erosion
d.
abrasion
 

 8. 

Which is the A horizon in a soil profile?
a.
topsoil
c.
subsoil
b.
organic matter or humus
d.
parent material
 

 9. 

The order of the layers of the Earth from the surface to the center is:
a.
lithosphere, mesosphere, outer core, inner core
b.
lithosphere, mantle, outer core, inner core
c.
mesosphere, outer core, inner core, lithosphere
d.
lithosphere, mesosphere, inner core, outer core
 

 10. 

The largest layer of Earth is the
a.
crust.
c.
mantle.
b.
meridian.
d.
core.
 

 11. 

What is the liquid layer of the Earth’s core called?
a.
lithosphere
c.
inner core
b.
mesosphere
d.
outer core
 

 12. 

Wegener thought that all the continents were once together in one large continent called
a.
Gondwana.
c.
Eurasia.
b.
Laurasia.
d.
Pangaea.
 

 13. 

What happens at mid-ocean ridges?
a.
strike-slip faults
c.
sea-floor spreading
b.
magnetic reversal
d.
earthquakes
 

 14. 

New oceanic crust forms as a result of
a.
sea-floor spreading.
c.
reverse polarity.
b.
normal polarity.
d.
continental drift.
 

 15. 

Most earthquakes happen at the edges of
a.
tectonic plates.
c.
earthquake zones.
b.
elastic deformations.
d.
shear waves.
 

 16. 

What type of boundary is formed when plates divide?
a.
convergent
c.
divergent
b.
horizontal
d.
transform
 

 17. 

What kind of boundary is found at the mid-ocean ridge?
a.
convergent
c.
transform
b.
divergent
 

 18. 

At what kind of boundary are mountains formed?
a.
convergent
c.
transform
b.
divergent
 

 19. 

What kind of boundary is found at the San Andreas Fault in California?
a.
convergent
c.
transform
b.
divergent
 

 20. 

Which is the longest chain of mountains in the world?
a.
Rocky Mountains
c.
Andes Mountains
b.
Himalayan Mountains
d.
Mid-Ocean Ridge
 



 
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