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Rocks minerals Pretest

Multiple Choice
Identify the choice that best completes the statement or answers the question.
 

 1. 

Which of the following is NOT a characteristic of a mineral?
a.
It is formed in nature.
c.
It has a crystalline structure.
b.
It is a living material.
d.
It is a solid.
 

 2. 

What kinds of mines are open pit and quarry mines?
a.
shaft mines
c.
surface mines
b.
slope mines
d.
subsurface mines
 

 3. 

What is the name for nonmetallic minerals that are values for their beauty and rarity rather than their usefulness?
a.
plutons
c.
ores
b.
gemstones
d.
pegmatites
 

 4. 

The potentially harmful effects of mining can be reduced by
a.
reclamation of the land.
c.
using more metals.
b.
strip mining.
d.
flushing mines with water.
 

 5. 

Which mineral is the most resistant to scratching?
a.
fluorite
c.
diamond
b.
talc
d.
gypsum
 

 6. 

Minerals are comprised of one or more ____.
a.
colors
c.
rocks
b.
elements
d.
structures
 

 7. 

What is the softest mineral on the Mohs scale?
a.
diamond
c.
topaz
b.
gypsum
d.
talc
 

 8. 

Which of the following rocks is not normally used as a construction material?
a.
marble
c.
limestone
b.
halite
d.
granite
 

 9. 

Which of the following processes changes rock on Earth’s surface?
a.
metamorphism
c.
compaction
b.
erosion
d.
cementation
 

 10. 

Metallic, submetallic, and nonmetallic are descriptions of a mineral's
a.
streak.
c.
color.
b.
luster.
d.
cleavage.
 

 11. 

Scientists classify rocks
a.
by composition and texture.
c.
by mass.
b.
by volume.
d.
by color and size.
 

 12. 

What kind of texture does igneous rock have when magma cools slowly?
a.
coarse-grained
c.
fine-grained
b.
large-grained
d.
medium-grained
 

 13. 

What kind of sedimentary rock can be cemented together by calcite or quartz?
a.
organic
c.
chemical
b.
stratified
d.
clastic
 

 14. 

The two most common elements in the Earth's crust are
a.
nitrogen and oxygen.
c.
silicon and oxygen.
b.
carbon and silicon.
d.
oxygen and carbon.
 

 15. 

What kind of sedimentary rock is made from dissolved minerals?
a.
organic
c.
stratified
b.
chemical
d.
clastic
 

 16. 

What is the process called in which sedimentary rocks are arranged in layers?
a.
erosion
c.
weathering
b.
extrusion
d.
stratification
 

 17. 

During the rock cycle, what forms when magma cools?
a.
igneous rock
c.
metamorphic rock
b.
sedimentary rock
d.
foliated rock
 

 18. 

Which of the following physical properties can be expressed in numbers?
a.
luster
c.
color
b.
hardness
d.
reaction to acid
 

 19. 

What kind of metamorphic rock has its mineral grains arranged in planes or bands?
a.
extrusive
c.
nonfoliated
b.
foliated
d.
intrusive
 

 20. 

The process in which sediment is dropped and comes to rest is called
a.
deposition.
c.
cementation.
b.
stratification.
d.
foliation.
 

 21. 

When shale is exposed to slight heat and pressure, what foliated metamorphic rock does it become?
a.
schist
c.
phyllite
b.
gneiss
d.
slate
 

 22. 

Over 98 percent of the Earth’s crust is made up of how many elements?
a.
5
c.
90
b.
8
d.
12
 

 23. 

What are the layers of sedimentary rock called?
a.
sediment
c.
clasts
b.
strata
d.
folds
 

 24. 

Besides heat, what else causes a rock to undergo metamorphism?
a.
melting
c.
cooling rate
b.
weathering
d.
pressure
 

 25. 

What kind of texture will a conglomerate rock have?
a.
large-grained
c.
medium-grained
b.
fine-grained
d.
coarse-grained
 



 
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