Name: 
 

Rock Cycle igneous metamorphic



Matching
 
 
Match each statement with the correct item below.
a.
compaction
e.
weathering
b.
cementation
f.
marble
c.
limestone
g.
erosion
d.
coal
h.
slate
 

 1. 

The process in which rock is exposed to air, water, or ice and breaks into pieces.
 

 2. 

the movement of weathered material
 

 3. 

a kind of foliated metamorphic rock
 

 4. 

a kind of nonfoliated metamorphic rock
 
 
Match the terms with their descriptions below.
a.
granitic
i.
sediments
b.
metamorphic rocks
j.
igneous rocks
c.
rock cycle
k.
compaction
d.
sedimentary rocks
l.
intrusive
e.
cementation
m.
foliated
f.
basaltic
n.
lava
g.
rock
o.
nonfoliated
h.
extrusive
 

 5. 

rocks formed by changes in heat and pressure or the presence of hot, watery fluids
 

 6. 

rocks formed from molten material
 

 7. 

rocks formed from sediments
 

 8. 

igneous rocks formed on or near Earth’s surface
 

 9. 

layered metamorphic rocks
 

 10. 

process by which sediments are pressed together to form rock
 

 11. 

light-colored igneous rocks with a lower density than basaltic rocks
 

 12. 

dense, dark-colored igneous rocks
 

 13. 

metamorphic rocks that don’t have layers
 

 14. 

process by which large sediments are glued together by dissolved minerals to form rock
 

 15. 

igneous rocks formed below Earth’s surface
 

 16. 

bits of weathered rock, minerals, grains, plants, and animals that have been eroded
 

 17. 

model that illustrates the processes that create and change rocks
 

 18. 

magma that reaches Earth’s surface and flows from volcanoes
 

 19. 

a mixture of minerals, organic matter, volcanic glass, or other materials
 

Completion
Complete each statement.
 

 20. 

The carrying away of rock fragments by water, wind, or ice is called ____________________, an important process in the formation of sedimentary rocks.
( weathering,  erosion,  compaction)
 

 

 21. 

Small, solid pieces of material in sedimentary rocks, that come from rocks or living things are called ____________________.  ( crystals,  sediment,  intrusive)
 

 

 22. 

Foliated and nonfoliated are terms used to describe the texture of ____________________ rocks.  ( igneous,  sedimentary,  metamorphic)
 

 

 23. 

Metamorphic rocks such as marble and quartzite are said to be ____________________ because their mineral grains are not arranged in parallel layers or bands.  (foliated,  nonfoliated, intrusive)
 

 

 24. 

In the rock cycle, melted rock from the mantle called ____________________ moves upward when oceanic plates move apart.  ( lava,  magma,  extrusive rock)
 

 

Modified True/False
Indicate whether the statement is true or false. If false, change the identified word or phrase to make the statement true.
 

 25. 

Igneous rocks that formed beneath Earth’s surface are extrusive rocks. _________________________

 

 26. 

A metamorphic rock that has grains arranged in bands is said to be nonfoliated. _________________________

 

Short Answer
 

 27. 

What makes the rock cycle a “cycle”?
 

 28. 

If you were shown one photograph of pumice and one of granite, how could you distinguish between the two rocks?
 
 
Directions: For each item, tell which event would occur first.
 

 29. 

Molten material cools and forms igneous rocks. Lava flows from a volcano.
 

 30. 

Gneiss is formed. The mineral grains in granite are flattened under pressure.
 

 31. 

Where does the rock cycle begin?
 
 
Identify each statement as true or false. Rewrite false statements to make them correct.
 

 32. 

All igneous rocks have the same mineral compositions.
 

 33. 

Nonfoliated rocks have very narrow layering.
 

 34. 

Metamorphic rocks can form from other metamorphic rocks.
 

 35. 

Metamorphic rocks can form from igneous but not from sedimentary rocks.
 
 
Use the diagram to answer each question.

nar003-1.jpg
 

 36. 

Classify Rock A into one of the three major rock groups and explain how it formed.
 

 37. 

Classify Rock C into one of the three major rock groups and explain how it formed.
 

 38. 

Classify Rock D into one of the three major rock groups and explain how it formed.
 

 39. 

Classify Rock E into one of the three major rock groups and explain how it formed.
 

 40. 

Classify Rock B into one of the three major rock groups and explain how it formed.
 

 41. 

Match Rock F with the correct rock from the following list: slate, breccia, granite, limestone, conglomerate, gneiss. Classify Rock F into one of the three major rock groups and explain how it formed.
 



 
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