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Weather and Climate

Multiple Choice
Identify the choice that best completes the statement or answers the question.
 

 1. 

In general, atmospheric pressure is greatest near Earth's surface and ____ as you move upward away from sea level.
a.
decreases
c.
stays the same
b.
increases
d.
doubles
 

 2. 

The ____ is the source of all energy in our atmosphere.
a.
Sun
c.
Moon
b.
water cycle
d.
Coriolis effect
 

 3. 

The ____ blends into outer space.
a.
troposphere
c.
mesosphere
b.
stratosphere
d.
exosphere
 

 4. 

The ____ is caused by the Earth's rotation.
a.
jet stream
c.
sea breeze
b.
Coriolis effect
d.
land breeze
 

 5. 

There are ____ molecules of air at high elevations, so air pressure is less.
a.
fewer
c.
more
b.
the same number of
d.
no
 

 6. 

The ____ is the layer of the atmosphere nearest to Earth's surface.
a.
exosphere
c.
stratosphere
b.
troposphere
d.
ionosphere
 

 7. 

The process of water vapor changing to a liquid is called ____.
a.
evaporation
c.
condensation
b.
precipitation
d.
convection
 

 8. 

Climate is the weather in an area
a.
closer to the equator
b.
at the poles
c.
over a long period of time
d.
that changes from day to day
 

 9. 

Which layer of the atmosphere do we live in?
a.
troposphere
c.
mesosphere
b.
stratosphere
d.
exosphere
 

 10. 

Which layer of the atmosphere does weather happen?
a.
troposphere
c.
mesosphere
b.
stratosphere
d.
exosphere
 

 11. 

What gas does the atomosphere contain the most of?
a.
carbon dioxide
c.
nitrogen
b.
water vapor
d.
oxygen
 

 12. 

What instrument is used to measure air pressure?
a.
thermometer
c.
anamometer
b.
barometer
d.
psychrometer
 



 
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