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Galaxies and the Universe

Multiple Choice
 

 1. 

The distances to nearby stars can be measured by using ____.
a.
millions of miles
c.
lightyears
b.
temperature
d.
a tape measure
 

 2. 

A galaxy that has a shape similar to an egg is a(n) ____ galaxy.
a.
normal spiral
c.
elliptical
b.
barred spiral
d.
irregular
 

 3. 

All of the following are true of the Milky Way EXCEPT that it ____.
a.
is a spiral galaxy
c.
it is an elliptical galaxy
b.
has billions of stars
d.
is 100,000 light-years across
 

 4. 

The Big Bang theory of the formation and expansion of the universe is supported by the ____.
a.
blue-violet shift
c.
"big crunch"
b.
red shift
d.
shorter light wavelengths
 

 5. 

A ____ is a region so dense that nothing, including light, can escape its gravity field.
a.
supernova
c.
black hole
b.
white dwarf
d.
supergiant
 

 6. 

A group of stars, gas, and dust held together by gravity is a ____.
a.
galaxy
c.
Local Group
b.
constellation
d.
both a and b
 

 7. 

The spiral shape of the Milky Way Galaxy CANNOT be seen from Earth because ____.
a.
we are located above the galaxy
b.
we are located within one of its spiral arms
c.
our view is blocked by the Sun
d.
none of the above
 

 8. 

The ____ states that 14 billion years ago, the universe began expanding out of an enormous explosion.
a.
H-R diagram
c.
Big Bang theory
b.
binary star theory
d.
"big crunch" theory
 

 9. 

A red shift in the spectrum of the light from an object indicates the object is moving ____ you.
a.
away from
c.
at a right angle from
b.
toward
d.
none of the above
 

 10. 

mc010-1.jpg
What can you tell about the location of the Sun from this picture of the Milky Way.
a.
It is outside the Milky Way
c.
it is located in the middle
b.
It is located near the edge in a spiral arm
d.
it is close to a black hole
 

 11. 

Which is located furthest from our sun?
a.
comets
c.
other stars
b.
meteors
d.
asteroid belt
 

 12. 

Our Solar System is in the Milky Way galaxy.  What type of galaxy is it?
a.
an irregular galaxy
c.
an elliptical galaxy
b.
a spiral galaxy
d.
a classic galaxy
 

 13. 

planet ==> _________ ==>galaxy ==> universe
What is missing in this sequence of our location in space?
a.
Sun
c.
Nebulae
b.
Earth
d.
Solar System
 

 14. 

A single galaxy is BEST described as containing
a.
hundreds of stars
c.
thousands of stars
b.
billions of stars
d.
lots of stars
 

 15. 

Which lists the Earth’s location in order from LEAST to MOST specific location?
a.
Milky Way Galaxy, the Solar System, the Universe
c.
The Universe, Milky Way Galaxy, the Solar System
b.
Milky Way Galaxy, the Universe, the Solar System
d.
the Solar System, Milky Way Galaxy, the Universe
 

 16. 

What is the name of the galaxy where is Earth is located?
a.
Andromeda
c.
The Sol Galaxy
b.
The Solar System
d.
Milky Way Galaxy
 

 17. 

We know that the Universe is 14 billion years old.   About how old is the Earth?
a.
14.6 billion years old
c.
over 10 billion years old
b.
4.5 billion years old
d.
about 16 billion years old
 



 
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